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  1. The morphological structures of organisms form tightly integrated but mutually independent character complexes (modules) linked through common development and function. Even though their abundance, diversity, ...

    Authors: A. Laciny, H. L. Nemeschkal, H. Zettel, B. Metscher and I. S. Druzhinina

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2019 4:9

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Males of the microscopic annelid family Dinophilidae use their prominent glandomuscular copulatory organ (penis) to enzymatically dissolve the female’s epidermis and thereafter inject sperm. In order to test f...

    Authors: Alexandra Kerbl, Emilie Winther Tolstrup and Katrine Worsaae

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2019 4:8

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Very little is known about the temporal or spatial movement patterns of Chinese giant salamanders (Andrias davidianus) due to their rarity, remote habitat and secretive nature. Commercial breeding farms provide a...

    Authors: Lu Zhang, Hu Zhao, Scott Willard, Qijun Wang, Wei Jiang, Hong-Xing Zhang and Andrew Kouba

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2019 4:7

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Nematodes are an important component of deep-sea hydrothermal vent communities, but only few nematode species are able to cope to the harsh conditions of the most active vent sites. The genus Oncholaimus is known...

    Authors: Daniela Zeppilli, Laure Bellec, Marie-Anne Cambon-Bonavita, Wilfrida Decraemer, Diego Fontaneto, Sandra Fuchs, Nicolas Gayet, Perrine Mandon, Loïc N. Michel, Marie Portail, Nic Smol, Martin V. Sørensen, Ann Vanreusel and Jozée Sarrazin

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2019 4:6

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The Neotropics are considered to represent one of the most biologically diverse areas on Earth. Nonetheless, many species are assumed to have widespread distributions and occur in the entire Neotropical range....

    Authors: Claudia Wrozyna, Juliane Meyer, Martin Gross, Maria Ines F. Ramos and Werner E. Piller

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2019 4:4

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Declining amphibian populations around the world necessitate the establishment of captive assurance colonies as a hedge against extinction. For species that are difficult to breed in captivity, assisted reprod...

    Authors: Allison R. Julien, Andrew J. Kouba, David Kabelik, Jean M. Feugang, Scott T. Willard and Carrie K. Kouba

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2019 4:3

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Ecological immunology proposes that the optimal immune defence, and the costs coming with it, vary across environments. In environments with higher pathogen load, the immune system should experience greater ch...

    Authors: Verena Behringer, Jeroen M. G. Stevens, Roman M. Wittig, Catherine Crockford, Klaus Zuberbühler, Fabian H. Leendertz and Tobias Deschner

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2019 4:2

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The red-tailed phascogale is a ‘Near Threatened’ dasyurid marsupial. Males are semelparous and die off shortly after the breeding season in the wild due to a stress-related syndrome, which has many physiologic...

    Authors: Corinne Letendre, Ethan Sawyer, Lauren J. Young and Julie M. Old

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2018 3:10

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Hibernation allows animals to survive periods of resource scarcity by reducing their energy expenditure through decreased metabolism. However, hibernators become susceptible to psychrophilic pathogens if they ...

    Authors: Markéta Harazim, Ivan Horáček, Lucie Jakešová, Kristína Luermann, Jiří C. Moravec, Shannon Morgan, Jiri Pikula, Petr Sosík, Zuzana Vavrušová, Alexandra Zahradníková Jr., Jan Zukal and Natália Martínková

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2018 3:8

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Oribatid mites are among the primordial decomposer faunal elements and potential prey organisms in soil. Among their myriad morphological defenses are strong sclerotization and mineralization, cuticular tecta,...

    Authors: Michael Heethoff, Adrian Brückner, Sebastian Schmelzle, Mario Schubert, Maria Bräuer, Reinhard Meusinger, Stefan Dötterl, Roy A. Norton and Günther Raspotnig

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2018 3:7

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Many intriguing questions about predator-prey interactions can be addressed by using clay models of prey animals. These are placed in the field to test predators’ avoidances or preferences (testing e.g. color ...

    Authors: Daniela C. Rößler, Heike Pröhl and Stefan Lötters

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2018 3:6

    Content type: Commentary

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  12. In eusocial animal colonies, individuals from different castes often play divergent behavioral roles and confront distinct cognitive demands. Neuroecology theory predicts variation in cognitive demands will co...

    Authors: Sean O’Donnell, Susan Bulova, Meghan Barrett and Christoph von Beeren

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2018 3:3

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Small crustaceans in the order Anostraca that lack a carapace are commonly referred to as fairy shrimps. Eubranchipus is an Anostracan genus distributed across the Holarctic region. E. uchidai has been recorded o...

    Authors: Norihito Takahashi, Takashi Kitano, Yushi Hatanaka, Yoshiyuki Nagahata, Yu A. Tshistjakov, Masayoshi Hamasaki, Hiraku Moriya, Keiji Igarashi and Kazuo Umetsu

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2018 3:5

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The Palaearctic butterfly genus Pseudophilotes Beuret, 1958 (Lycaenidae: Polyommatinae), that today occurs in North Africa and in Eurasia, includes ten described species with various distribution ranges, includin...

    Authors: Valentina Todisco, Andrea Grill, Konrad Fiedler, Brigitte Gottsberger, Vlad Dincă, Raluca Vodă, Vladimir Lukhtanov and Harald Letsch

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2018 3:4

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Retention of genetic diversity and demographic sustainability are the cornerstones of conservation breeding success. In theory, monogamous breeding with equal reproductive output will retain genetic diversity ...

    Authors: Rebecca M. Gooley, Carolyn J. Hogg, Katherine Belov and Catherine E. Grueber

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2018 3:2

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Insect diapause is associated with physiological dormancy, extension of life span and an altered developmental programme. Reactive oxygen species, oxidative damaged products and antioxidants are being increasi...

    Authors: Alpana Sahoo, Abinash Dutta, Jagneshwar Dandapat and Luna Samanta

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2018 3:1

    Content type: Research Article

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  17. Tiger populations have declined globally due to poaching, prey depletion, and habitat loss. The westernmost tiger population of Ranthambhore in India is typified by bottlenecks, small size, and isolation; prob...

    Authors: Ayan Sadhu, Peter Prem Chakravarthi Jayam, Qamar Qureshi, Raghuvir Singh Shekhawat, Sudarshan Sharma and Yadvendradev Vikramsinh Jhala

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2017 2:16

    Content type: Research Article

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  18. Small mammals are important reservoirs for pathogens in military conflicts and peacekeeping operations all over the world. This study investigates the rodent communities in three military bases in Northern Afg...

    Authors: Christoph Gertler, Mathias Schlegel, Miriam Linnenbrink, Rainer Hutterer, Patricia König, Bernhard Ehlers, Kerstin Fischer, René Ryll, Jens Lewitzki, Sabine Sauer, Kathrin Baumann, Angele Breithaupt, Michael Faulde, Jens P. Teifke, Diethard Tautz and Rainer G. Ulrich

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2017 2:15

    Content type: Research Article

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  19. In this study, we report the first case of a male reef manta ray, Mobula alfredi, becoming sexually mature in captivity and present its reproductive characteristics.

    Authors: Ryo Nozu, Kiyomi Murakumo, Rui Matsumoto, Yosuke Matsumoto, Nagisa Yano, Masaru Nakamura, Makio Yanagisawa, Keiichi Ueda and Keiichi Sato

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2017 2:14

    Content type: Research Article

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  20. Agrochemicals are widely used in many parts of the world posing direct and indirect threats to organisms. Xenobiotic-related disease susceptibility is a common phenomenon and a proposed cause of amphibian decl...

    Authors: Uthpala A. Jayawardena, Jason R. Rohr, Priyanie H. Amerasinghe, Ayanthi N. Navaratne and Rupika S. Rajakaruna

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2017 2:13

    Content type: Research Article

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  21. Emerging infectious diseases in wildlife are an increasing threat to global biodiversity. White-nose syndrome (WNS) in bats is one of the most recently emerged infectious diseases in North America, causing mas...

    Authors: Riley F. Bernard, Emma V. Willcox, Katy L. Parise, Jeffrey T. Foster and Gary F. McCracken

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2017 2:12

    Content type: Research Article

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  22. Recent phylogenies of deer mice, genus Peromyscus, have relied heavily on mitochondrial markers. These markers provided resolution at and below the level of species groups, but relationships among species groups ...

    Authors: Kevin A. M. Sullivan, Roy N. Platt II, Robert D. Bradley and David A. Ray

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2017 2:11

    Content type: Research Article

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  23. Live imaging of whole invertebrates can be accomplished with X-ray micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) at 10-100 μm spatial resolution. However, image quality could be compromised by the movement of live subj...

    Authors: Danny Poinapen, Joanna K. Konopka, Joseph U. Umoh, Chris J. D. Norley, Jeremy N. McNeil and David W. Holdsworth

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2017 2:9

    Content type: Methodology article

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  24. Flexible spatial memory, such as “place” learning, is an important adaptation to assist successful foraging and to avoid predation and is thought to be more adaptive than response learning which requires a con...

    Authors: Claire L. McAroe, Cathy M. Craig and Richard A. Holland

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2017 2:10

    Content type: Research article

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  25. The Gharana wetland conservation reserve (GWCR) is a semi-arid wetland adjacent to agricultural areas on the Indo-Pakistani border. Despite being declared an Important Bird Area (IBA) by Birdlife International...

    Authors: Pushpinder S. Jamwal, Pankaj Chandan, Rohit Rattan, Anupam Anand, Prameek M. Kannan and Michael H. Parsons

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2017 2:7

    Content type: Research Article

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Zoology 2017 2:8

  26. The African wolf, for which we herein recognise Canis lupaster Hemprich and Ehrenberg, 1832 (Symbolae Physicae quae ex Itinere Africam Borealem er Asoam Occidentalem Decas Secunda. Berlin, 1833) as the valid spec...

    Authors: Suvi Viranta, Anagaw Atickem, Lars Werdelin and Nils Chr. Stenseth

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2017 2:6

    Content type: Research Article

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  27. Populations of Eastern Whip-poor-will (Antrostomus vociferous) appear to be declining range-wide. While this could be associated with habitat loss, declines in populations of many other species of migratory aeria...

    Authors: Philina A. English, Alexander M. Mills, Michael D. Cadman, Audrey E. Heagy, Greg J. Rand, David J. Green and Joseph J. Nocera

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2017 2:5

    Content type: Research Article

    Published on:

  28. The genus Caenorhabditis has been central to our understanding of metazoan biology. The best-known species, Caenorhabditis elegans, is but one member of a genus with around 50 known species, and knowledge of thes...

    Authors: Dieter Slos, Walter Sudhaus, Lewis Stevens, Wim Bert and Mark Blaxter

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2017 2:4

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  29. Long-term research of known individuals is critical for understanding the demographic and evolutionary processes that influence natural populations. Current methods for individual identification of many animal...

    Authors: David Crouse, Rachel L. Jacobs, Zach Richardson, Scott Klum, Anil Jain, Andrea L. Baden and Stacey R. Tecot

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2017 2:2

    Content type: Research article

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  30. For more than a century we have known that a high diversity of arthropod species lives in close relationship with army ant colonies. For instance, several hundred guest species have been described to be associ...

    Authors: Christoph von Beeren and Alexey K. Tishechkin

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2017 2:3

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Previous studies have established ovarian cycle characteristics of adult Asian elephants using progestagen analyses, but little work has been done on young elephants to determine age at puberty. Demographic st...

    Authors: Samanthi Mendis, Niromi K. Jayasekera, Rajapakshalage C. Rajapakse and Janine L. Brown

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2017 2:1

    Content type: Research article

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  32. The Bornean banteng (Bos javanicus lowi) is an endangered subspecies that often inhabits logged forest; however very little is known about the effects of logging on their ecology, despite the differing effects th...

    Authors: Naomi S. Prosser, Penny C. Gardner, Jeremy A. Smith, Jocelyn Goon Ee Wern, Laurentius N. Ambu and Benoit Goossens

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2016 1:8

    Content type: Research article

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  33. This editorial accompanies the launch of BMC Zoology, a new open access, peer-reviewed journal within the BMC series that considers manuscripts on all aspects of zoology. BMC Zoology will increase and disseminate...

    Authors: Dirk Krüger, Laurence Packer, Thomas Flatt, Herbert Hoi, Serge Morand, Bernhard Lieb, Luiz R. Malabarba and M. Brock Fenton

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2016 1:7

    Content type: Editorial

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  34. We used the Caribbean spiny lobster Panulirus argus, one of the largest brooding invertebrates in the Western Atlantic, to test for the presence/absence of active parental care and to explore reproductive perform...

    Authors: J. Antonio Baeza, Lunden Simpson, Louis J. Ambrosio, Nathalia Mora, Rodrigo Guéron and Michael J. Childress

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2016 1:6

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Species of Hirudo are used extensively for medicinal purposes, but are currently listed as endangered due to population declines from economic utilization and environmental pollution. In total, five species of Hi...

    Authors: Naim Saglam, Ralph Saunders, Shirley A. Lang and Daniel H. Shain

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2016 1:5

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  36. One of the biggest challenges in avian taxonomy is the delimitation of allopatric species because their reproductive incompatibility cannot be directly studied in the wild. Instead, reproductive incompatibilit...

    Authors: Jan T. Lifjeld, Jarl Andreas Anmarkrud, Pascual Calabuig, Joseph E. J. Cooper, Lars Erik Johannessen, Arild Johnsen, Anna M. Kearns, Robert F. Lachlan, Terje Laskemoen, Gunnhild Marthinsen, Even Stensrud and Eduardo Garcia-del-Rey

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2016 1:4

    Content type: Research article

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  37. The freshwater cnidarian Hydra temporarily binds itself to numerous natural substrates encountered underwater, such as stones, leafs, etc. This adhesion is mediated by secreted material from specialized ectoderma...

    Authors: Marcelo Rodrigues, Philippe Leclère, Patrick Flammang, Michael W. Hess, Willi Salvenmoser, Bert Hobmayer and Peter Ladurner

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2016 1:3

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Since European settlement more than 10 % of Australia’s native fauna have become extinct and the current picture reflects 46 % are at various vulnerability stages. Australia’s iconic marsupial species, koala (Pha...

    Authors: Edward J. Narayan and Michelle Williams

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2016 1:2

    Content type: Review

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  39. Understanding host-parasite interactions requires that the multi-faceted relationships among ecological, behavioral and molecular processes be characterized and integrated. The introduced parasitic fly of birds,

    Authors: Sonia Kleindorfer and Rachael Y. Dudaniec

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2016 1:1

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

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