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  1. Amphibians are facing population declines and extinctions, and protecting and supplementing refuges can help species survive. However, the microhabitat requirements of most species are unknown, and artificial ...

    Authors: Qing Tong, Wen-jing Dong, Xin-zhou Long, Zong-fu Hu, Zhi-wen Luo, Peng Guo and Li-yong Cui
    Citation: BMC Zoology 2023 8:1
  2. Gallinula chloropus (Linnaeus, 1758) is a wild aquatic omnivorous bird characterized by a marked resistance to harsh environmental conditions and a worldwide distribution. In this study, anatomical, morphometrica...

    Authors: Ahmed M. Abdellatif, Amany Farag and Elsayed Metwally
    Citation: BMC Zoology 2022 7:61
  3. In molecular biology studies, the selection of optimal reference genes is of vital importance for accurately quantifying gene expression. The purpose of the present study was to screen the most stable referenc...

    Authors: Mengke Ni, Zhichao Li, Jing Li, Hui He, Yaling Wang, Yixuan Jiang, Xianwei Wang, Zhuanjian Li, Ming Li and Huifen Xu
    Citation: BMC Zoology 2022 7:60
  4. In recent two decades, studies of the annelid nervous systems were revolutionized by modern cell labeling techniques and state-of-the-art microscopy techniques. However, there are still huge gaps in our knowle...

    Authors: Zinaida I. Starunova, Ksenia V. Shunkina, Elena L. Novikova and Viktor V. Starunov
    Citation: BMC Zoology 2022 7:58
  5. Pacific walruses are found in Arctic regions of the Chukchi and Bering Sea where rapid changes in environmental conditions resulting in loss of sea ice are occurring. Therefore, accurate life history data are ...

    Authors: Todd Robeck, Etsuko Katsumata, Kazutoshi Arai, Gisele Montano, Todd Schmitt, Stacy DiRocco and Karen J. Steinman
    Citation: BMC Zoology 2022 7:57
  6. Anatomical features of the skeleton of wild animals contribute largely to their adaptation. A dearth of information on the skeletal anatomy of the sitatunga (Tragelaphus spekii gratus) necessitated this study. Tw...

    Authors: Kenechukwu Tobechukwu Onwuama, Chikera Samuel Ibe, Alhaji Zubair Jaji, Suleiman Olawoye Salami and Esther Solomon Kigir
    Citation: BMC Zoology 2022 7:55
  7. The hippocampus plays an important role to support path planning and adjustment in goal-directed spatial navigation. While we still only have limited knowledge about how do the hippocampal neural activities, e...

    Authors: Mengmeng Li, Shuguan Cheng, Jiantao Fan, Zhigang Shang, Hong Wan, Lifang Yang and Long Yang
    Citation: BMC Zoology 2022 7:54
  8. Among the 16 Neotropical genera of Philodromidae, Cleocnemis has the most troublesome taxonomic situation. Remarkable morphological differences among several genera historically said to be related to Cleocnemis d...

    Authors: André Wanderley do Prado, Renner Luiz Cerqueira Baptista, Hector Baruch Pereira Schinelli and Daniela Maeda Takiya
    Citation: BMC Zoology 2022 7:51

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Zoology 2023 8:2

  9. Pleistocene climate fluctuations have strongly modified species genetic diversity and distributions. The Chinese pangolin (Manis pentadactyla) has been recognized as a critically endangered animal due to heavy po...

    Authors: Shichao Wei, Song Sun, Hongliang Dou, Fuyu An, Haiyang Gao, Ce Guo and Yan Hua
    Citation: BMC Zoology 2022 7:50
  10. The 3D computed tomography produces detailed images of the digit bones in addition to the angiograph render volume 3D of the CT shows the relation between the arteries, bones, and tissues of the digit. Therefo...

    Authors: Samir A. A. El-Gendy, Basma M. Kamal and Mohamed A. M. Alsafy
    Citation: BMC Zoology 2022 7:49
  11. The degree of temporal overlap between sympatric wild hosts species and their behavioral interactions can be highly relevant to the transmission of pathogens. However, this topic has been scantly addressed. Fu...

    Authors: Rodrigo Salgado, Isabel Barja, María del Carmen Hernández, Basilio Lucero, Ivan Castro-Arellano, Cristian Bonacic and André V. Rubio
    Citation: BMC Zoology 2022 7:48
  12. Rabbits have been proposed as a model for the human meibomian gland (MG), a large specific sebaceous gland in the eyelid that consists of secretory acini arranged laterally and related to the central duct via ...

    Authors: Sara M. M. El-Desoky and Nada Abdellah
    Citation: BMC Zoology 2022 7:46
  13. Fundamental knowledge on the seasonal reproductive microanatomy and endocrinology of reptiles has been collected from several studies of various species. The present study was to determine annual changes in ho...

    Authors: Akkanee Pewhom, Thidaporn Supapakorn and Nopparat Srakaew
    Citation: BMC Zoology 2022 7:45
  14. According to our acknowledgment this is the first full anatomical description of the studied laryngeal mound of the Egyptian Cattle Egret (Bubulcus ibis, Linnaeus, 1758). This study was obtained with the aid of s...

    Authors: Fatma A. Madkour and Mohammed Abdelsabour-Khalaf
    Citation: BMC Zoology 2022 7:44
  15. The measurement of the energy available for growth (scope of growth, SFG) can be used in bivalves to make a long-term prediction in a short-term experiment of the condition of the individual. In order to tackl...

    Authors: S. Hernandis, I. Ibarrola, J. Tena-Medialdea, M. Vázquez-Luis, J. R. García-March, P. Prado and M. Albentosa
    Citation: BMC Zoology 2022 7:43
  16. The reproductive cycle of the recently described sponge Tethya meloni was investigated for a period of 15 months (September 2018 – November 2019) in the Mar Piccolo of Taranto (Southern Italy) and was compared wi...

    Authors: Maria Mastrodonato, Giovanni Scillitani, Roberta Trani, Frine Cardone, Giuseppe Corriero and Carlotta Nonnis Marzano
    Citation: BMC Zoology 2022 7:41
  17. It is well-known that light/dark phase can affect energy expenditure and behaviors of most organisms; however, its influences on individuality (inter-individual variance) and plasticity (intra-individual varia...

    Authors: Song Tan, Juan Li, Qiao Yang, Jinzhong Fu and Jingfeng Chen
    Citation: BMC Zoology 2022 7:39
  18. Body size is a fundamental organismal trait. However, as body size and ecological contexts change across developmental time, evolutionary divergence may cause unexpected patterns of body size diversity among d...

    Authors: Eric W. Hammerschmith, Gavin C. Woodruff, Kimberly A. Moser, Erik Johnson and Patrick C. Phillips
    Citation: BMC Zoology 2022 7:38
  19. Dipteran parasitoids of Embioptera (webspinners) are few and extremely rare but known from all biogeographical regions except Australasia/Oceania. All belong to the fly family Tachinidae, a hyperdiverse and wi...

    Authors: Davide Badano, Alice Lenzi, James E. O’Hara, Kelly B. Miller, Andrea Di Giulio, Filippo Di Giovanni and Pierfilippo Cerretti
    Citation: BMC Zoology 2022 7:37
  20. Yellow-legged gulls (Larus michahellis), commonly found in Istanbul and their surroundings, have a monomorphic plumage, like other gull species. For this reason, sex determination cannot be made externally. In th...

    Authors: Gülsün Pazvant, Nazan Gezer İnce, Ermiş Özkan, Ozan Gündemir, Kozet Avanus and Tomasz Szara
    Citation: BMC Zoology 2022 7:35
  21. The Vietnamese Mekong Delta (VMD) is the granary for the whole country, providing animal and plant resources, especially fish. Among the fish species, the genus Glossogobius are the majority. Until now, research ...

    Authors: Ngon T. Truong, Gieo H. Phan, Tran T. H. Lam, Ton H. D. Nguyen, Do T. Khang, Men T. Tran, Nam S. Tran and Quang M. Dinh
    Citation: BMC Zoology 2022 7:34

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Zoology 2022 7:40

  22. Gloger’s rule postulates that animals should be darker colored in warm and humid regions where dense vegetation and dark environments are common. Although rare in Canis populations, melanism in wolves is more com...

    Authors: Joseph W. Hinton, Kyla M. West, Daniel J. Sullivan, Jacqueline L. Frair and Michael J. Chamberlain
    Citation: BMC Zoology 2022 7:33
  23. Reintroduction is a common technique for re-establishing threatened species. However, the adaptation to novel habitats with distinct conditions poses a risk of failure. Weather conditions affect the behaviour ...

    Authors: Anna Bernátková, Ganbaatar Oyunsaikhan, Jaroslav Šimek, Martina Komárková, Miroslav Bobek and Francisco Ceacero
    Citation: BMC Zoology 2022 7:32
  24. The worm Enchytraeus buchholzi is a new record species for Shaanxi, China, and a key pest on American ginseng Panax quinquefolium. To distinguish the species, the authors prepared its whole mounts and paraffin-em...

    Authors: Limin Zhao, Xiuchao Xie, Dejing Chen, Guilan Ma and Ya Sun
    Citation: BMC Zoology 2022 7:31
  25. Migratory birds differ markedly in their migration strategies, particularly those performing short- versus long-distance migrations. In preparation for migration, all birds undergo physiological and morphologi...

    Authors: Steffen Hahn, Tamara Emmenegger, Sara Riello, Lorenzo Serra, Fernando Spina, William A. Buttemer and Silke Bauer
    Citation: BMC Zoology 2022 7:29
  26. Pikes, members of genus Esox, are widespread freshwater predators of the northern hemisphere, and important sport fish also. From the Carpathian basin only one species, the northern pike (E. lucius) is noted. At ...

    Authors: Péter Takács, Bálint Bánó, István Czeglédi, Tibor Erős, Árpád Ferincz, Blanka Gál, Bernadett Bánó-Kern, Balázs Kovács, András Attila Nagy, Krisztián Nyeste, Vera Lente, Bálint Preiszner, Sándor Sipos, Ádám Staszny, Zoltán Vitál, András Weiperth…
    Citation: BMC Zoology 2022 7:28
  27. Most amphibians use a repertoire of acoustic signals to propagate signals in social contexts. The description of these repertoires provides a key towards the understanding of the behaviour of individuals and t...

    Authors: Vishal Kumar Prasad, Ming-Feng Chuang, Abhijit Das, K. Ramesh, Yoonjung Yi, K. P. Dinesh and Amaël Borzée
    Citation: BMC Zoology 2022 7:27
  28. Freshwater planarians of the genus Dugesia (Platyhelminthes, Tricladida, Dugesiidae) are distributed in a major part of the Old World and Australia, although until recently only very few species were known from C...

    Authors: Guang-wen Chen, Lei Wang, Fan Wu, Xiao-juan Sun, Zi-mei Dong, Ronald Sluys, Fei Yu, Yan-qing Yu-wen and De-zeng Liu
    Citation: BMC Zoology 2022 7:25
  29. Hoplobatrachus rugulosus (Anura: Dicroglossidae) is distributed in China and Thailand and the former can survive substantially lower temperatures than the latter. The mitochondrial genomes of the two subspecies a...

    Authors: Wan-Ting Jin, Jia-Yin Guan, Xin-Yi Dai, Gong-Ji Wu, Le-Ping Zhang, Kenneth B. Storey, Jia-Yong Zhang, Rong-Quan Zheng and Dan-Na Yu
    Citation: BMC Zoology 2022 7:24
  30. Host range is a fundamental trait to understand the ecological and evolutionary dynamics of symbionts. Increasing host specificity is expected to be accompanied with specialization in different symbiont traits...

    Authors: T. Parmentier, M. Gaju-Ricart, T. Wenseleers and R. Molero-Baltanás
    Citation: BMC Zoology 2022 7:23
  31. The ‘snow-melt mosquito’ aedes (rusticoidus) refiki is a rare species with a wide distribution in Europe that is usually defined as an aggressive mosquito for mammals, including humans. During a mosquito survey i...

    Authors: Laia Casades-Martí, Mario Frías, Sarah Delacour and Francisco Ruiz-Fons
    Citation: BMC Zoology 2022 7:21
  32. The success of animal reproduction is impacted by a trade-off between energetic costs and mortality associated with immediate vs. future reproductive attempts. The reproductive strategies of European insectivo...

    Authors: Katerina Zukalova, Veronika Seidlova, Vladimir Piacek, Monika Nemcova, Michal Pribyl, Jiri Pikula and Jan Zukal
    Citation: BMC Zoology 2022 7:18
  33. Endurance rivalry and female choice are two important mechanisms of sexual selection in lek-breeding species. Endurance rivalry is when males compete for opportunities to mate by spending more time in leks tha...

    Authors: Yuan-Cheng Cheng, Yi-Huey Chen, Chunwen Chang, Ming-Feng Chuang and Yuying Hsu
    Citation: BMC Zoology 2022 7:17
  34. The nervous system of siboglinids has been studied mainly in Osedax and some Vestimentifera, while data in Frenulata – one of the four pogonophoran main branches – is still fragmentary. In most of the studies, th...

    Authors: Olga V. Zaitseva, Roman V. Smirnov, Zinaida I. Starunova, Andrey A. Vedenin and Viktor V. Starunov
    Citation: BMC Zoology 2022 7:16
  35. Laelaps agilis C.L. Koch, 1836 is one the most abundant and widespread parasitic mite species in the Western Palearctic. It is a permanent ectoparasite associated with the Apodemus genus, which transmits Hepatozo...

    Authors: Masoud Nazarizadeh, Jana Martinů, Milena Nováková, Michal Stanko and Jan Štefka
    Citation: BMC Zoology 2022 7:15
  36. The present study was conducted to investigate the ecological aspects of sand flies in southwestern North Khorasan, in which cutaneous leishmaniasis caused by Leishmania major has been reported with the highest a...

    Authors: Hasan Jalali, Seyed Hassan Nikookar, Nasibeh Hosseini-Vasoukolaei, Elham Jahanifard, Ahmad Ali Enayati, Farzad Motevalli-Haghi and Jamshid Yazdani-Charati
    Citation: BMC Zoology 2022 7:14

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