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Table 3 Means of acoustic parameters of calls b8, b9, c5, c6, d3 and d6, which are shown ± SD. n is the number of individuals

From: A small vocal repertoire during the breeding season expresses complex behavioral motivations and individual signature in the common coot

Call type Behaviors Peak frequency
(PF, Hz)
Fundamental frequency
(F0, Hz)
Maximum frequency of F0
(F0max, Hz)
Minimum frequency of F0 (F0min, Hz) Duration of syllable (T, s) Interval of syllables (TI, s)
b8 leaving nest 5553 ± 206
(n = 1)
727 ± 60
(n = 1)
0.044 ± 0.005
(n = 1)
1.842 ± 0.262
(n = 1)
b9 communication with nestlings 4240 ± 1938
(n = 1)
666 ± 128
(n = 1)
0.045 ± 0.007
(n = 1)
0.784 ± 0.040
(n = 1)
c5 back to nest 1265 ± 593
(n = 1)
985 ± 185
(n = 1)
0.012 ± 0.003
(n = 1)
1.111 ± 0.116
(n = 1)
c6 in the nest 1075 ± 464
(n = 3)
795 ± 140
(n = 3)
1096 ± 83
(n = 3)
485 ± 120
(n = 3)
0.013 ± 0.010
(n = 3)
1.326 ± 0.090
(n = 3)
d3 forage 4444 ± 159
(n = 3)
4444 ± 159
(n = 3)
5300 ± 287
(n = 3)
3567 ± 100
(n = 3)
0.034 ± 0.007
(n = 3)
1.090 ± 0.224
(n = 3)
d6 in the nest 4833 ± 1341
(n = 1)
4378 ± 97
(n = 1)
5058 ± 267
(n = 1)
3653 ± 68
(n = 1)
0.038 ± 0.012
(n = 1)
1.149 ± 0.116
(n = 1)