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Table 1 Sperm characteristics for Fowler toads treated intranasally with three different concentrations of GnRH

From: Nasal administration of gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) elicits sperm production in Fowler’s toads (Anaxyrus fowleri)

GnRHa (μg) Treatment Responding Males Mean Sperm Characteristics
Spermic Urine Volume (mL) Concentration Sperm/mL (×105) Total Sperm (× 105) Motility (%) Forward Progressive Motility (%) Total Motile Sperm (× 105) (Total sperm x % Motility)
5 9/15 0.25 ± 0.03 2.39 ± 0.67a 0.94 ± 0.34a 72.0 ± 4.0a 48.0 ± 4.5a 0.52 ± 0.17a
10 14/15 0.30 ± 0.04 5.68 ± 0.80b 2.41 ± 0.49b 63.0 ± 3.6a 35.0 ± 3.4b 1.66 ± 0.37b
20 12/15 0.42 ± 0.05 3.33 ± 0.64ab 1.66 ± 0.45ab 49.0 ± 4.0b 29.0 ± 3.5b 0.74 ± 0.20ab
  1. Data are shown as mean ± SEM. Significant differences within columns are indicated by lettered superscripts