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Table 1 Comprehensive list of bird species recorded utilizing Gharana wetland conservation reserve and associated agricultural fields

From: Survey of avifauna of the Gharana wetland reserve: implications for conservation in a semi-arid agricultural setting on the Indo-Pakistan border

Species
(no.)
Order Family Common name Scientific name Residental status Abundance Feeding IUCN status
1 Podicipediformes Podicipedidae Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis R VC C LC
2 Pelecaniformes Phalacrocoracidae Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo WV VC C LC
3    Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger WV VC C LC
4 Ciconiiformes Ardidae Yellow Bittern Ixobrychus sinensis WV R C LC
5    Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax WV C C LC
6    Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii R VC C LC
7    Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis R VC C LC
8    Little Egret Egretta garzetta R VC C LC
9    Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia R C C LC
10    Great Egret Casmerodius albus WV C C LC
11    Purple Heron Ardea purpurea R VC C LC
12    Grey Heron Ardea cinerea R VC C LC
13   Ciconiidae Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala WV R C NT
14    Black Stork Ciconia nigra WV R C LC
15    Wooly-necked Stork Ciconia episcopus WV R C VU
16    Black-necked Stork Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus WV R C NT
17   Threskiornithidae Black-headed (White) Ibis Threskiomis melanocephalus WV R C NT
18    Red-naped Ibis Pseudibis papillosa WV R C LC
19    Glossy ibis Plegadis falcinellus WV R C LC
20    Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia WV R C LC
21 Anseriformes Anatidae Lesser Whistling Duck Dendrocygna javanica WV VC H LC
22    Greylag Goose Anser anser WV R H LC
23    Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons WV R H LC
24    Indian Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus WV VC H LC
25    Bar-headed Goose Anser indicus WV C H LC
26    Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea WV R H LC
27    Comb Duck Sarkidiornis melanotos WV R H LC
28    Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope WV C H LC
29    Gadwall Anas strepera WV VC H LC
30    Eurasian Teal Anas crecca WV VC H LC
31    Mallard Anas platyrhynchos WV R H LC
32    Indian Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha WV R H LC
33    Northern Pintail Anas acuta WV C H LC
34    Garganey Anas querquedula SV R H LC
35    Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata WV VC H LC
36    Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina WV R H LC
37    Common Pochard Aythya ferina WV C H LC
38    Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca WV R H NT
39    Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula WV R H LC
40 Falconiformes Accipitridae Black-shouldered Kite Elanus caeruleus R C C LC
41    Black Kite Milvus migrans R C C LC
42    Steppe Eagle Aquila nipalensis WV C C LC
43    Greater Spotted Eagle Aquila clanga WV R C VU
44    Eurasian Marsh-Harrier Circus aeruginosus WV R C LC
45    Eurasian Sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus V R C LC
46    Himalyan buzzard Buteo buteo WV R C LC
47    Long-legged Buzzard Buteo rufinus WV R C LC
48    Besra Accipiter virgatus WV R C LC
49    Northern Goshawk Accipiter gentilis WV R C LC
50    Booted Eagle Hieraaetus pennatus WV R C LC
51    Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus SV C C NT
52    Shikra Accipiter badius R C C LC
53    Hen Harrier Circus cyaneus WV C C LC
54    Eurasian Marsh-Harrier Circus aeruginosus WV VC C LC
55    Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus WV R C NT
56    Short-toed snake Eagle Circaetus gallicus WV C C LC
57   Falconidae Eurasian Hobby Falco subbuteo WV R C LC
58 Galliformes Phasianidae Gray Francolin Francolinus pondicerianus R VC O LC
59 Gruiformes Rallidae Water Rail Rallus aquaticus WV C O LC
60    White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus R VC O LC
61    Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus R VC O LC
62    Purple Swamphen Porphyrio porphyrio R VC O LC
63    Common Coot Fulica atra WV C O LC
64 Charadriiformes Jacanidae Pheasant-tailed Jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus SV C O LC
65   Charadriidae Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus R VC O LC
66    Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius R R O LC
67    White-tailed Plover Vanellus leucurus WV R O LC
68   Scolopacidae Greenshank Tringa nebularia WV C I LC
69    Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago WV R I LC
70    Common Redshank Tringa totanus V R I LC
71    Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos WV C I LC
72    Green sandpiper Tringa ochropus WV R I LC
73    Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea V R I LC
74    Little Stint Calidris minuta V R I LC
75    Ruff Philomachus pugnax WV VC I LC
76   Recurvirostridae Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus WV C I LC
77   Glareolidae Oriental Pratincole Glareola maldivarum V R I LC
78    Little Pratincole Glareola lactea R C I LC
79   Laridae Indian River Tern Sterna aurantia SV C C NT
80    Common Tern Sterna hirundo V R C LC
81    White-winged Black Tern Chlidonias leucopterus V R C LC
82 Columbiformes Columbidae Eurasian Collared-Dove Streptopelia decaocto R VC O LC
83    Spotted Dove Streptopelia chinensis WV R O LC
84    Rock Pigeon Columba livia R VC O LC
85 Psittaciformes Psittacidae Rose-ringed Parakeet Psittacula krameri R C F LC
86    Plum-headed Parakeet Psittacula cyanocephala WV R F LC
87 Cuculiformes Cuculidae Greater Coucal Centropus sinensis R C C LC
88    Asian Koel Eudynamys scolopaceus SV C O LC
89    Pied Cuckoo Clamator jacobinus SV R O LC
90    Eurasian Cuckoo Cuculus canorus SV R O LC
91 Strigiformes Strigidae Spotted Owlet Athene brama R C C LC
92 Coraciiformes Alcedinidae White throated Kingfisher Halcyon smyrnensis R VC C LC
93    Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis WV C C LC
94    Crested Kingfisher Megaceryle lugubris R VC C LC
95   Meropidae Green Bee-eater Merops orientalis R VC I LC
96    Blue-tailed Bee-eater Merops philippinus SV C I LC
97   Coraciidae Indian Roller Coracias benghalensis R C I LC
98   Upupidae Eurasian Hoopoe Upupa epops R C I LC
99   Bucerotidae Indian Grey Hornbill Ocyceros birostris R R F LC
100 Piciformes Picidae Lesser goldenback Dinopium benghalense R C BF LC
101    Yellow-crowned Woodpecker Dendrocopos mahrattensis R R BF LC
102   Capitonidae Coppersmith Barbet Megalaima haemacephala R R F LC
103 Passeriformes Alaudidae Crested Lark Galerida cristata R C O LC
104   Hirundinidae Wire-tailed Swallow Hirundo smithii SV C I LC
105    Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica WV R I LC
106    Plain Martin Riparia paludicola R R I LC
107   Motacillidae Gray Wagtail Motacilla cinerea WV C I LC
108    Paddyfield Pipit Anthus pratensis R C I LC
109    Tree Pipit Anthus trivialis V R I LC
110    Rosy Pipit Anthus roseatus WV C I LC
111    White Wagtail Motacilla alba WV C I LC
112    Citrine Wagtail Motacilla citreola WV R I LC
113    White-browed Wagtail Motacilla madaraspatensis R VC I LC
114   Campephagidae Small Minivet Pericrocotus cinnamomeus R R I LC
115   Pycnonotidae Red-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus cafer R VC F LC
116   Laniidae Bay-backed Shrike Lanius vittatus R C O LC
117    Long-tailed Shrike Lanius schach SV C O LC
118   Muscicapidae Pied Bushchat Saxicola caprata R C G LC
119    Variable Wheatear Oenanthe picata WV R G LC
120    Isabelline Wheatear Oenanthe isabellina V R G LC
121    Black Redstart Phoenicurus ochruros WV R I LC
122    Oriental Magpie-Robin Copsychus saularis R VC I LC
123    Gray Bushchat Saxicola ferreus WV C I LC
124    Indian Robin Copsychus fulicatus R VC I LC
125    Bluethroat Luscinia svecica R R I LC
126    White-tailed Stonechat Saxicola leucurus V R G LC
127   Paridae Great Tit Parus major WV C F LC
128   Nectariniidae Purple Sunbird Nectarinia asiatica SV C N LC
129   Zosteropidae Oriental White-eye Zosterops palpebrosus R C I LC
130   Estrildidae Scaly breasted munia Lonchura punctulata WV VC G LC
131   Passeridae House Sparrow Passer domesticus R VC G LC
132    Sind Sparrow Passer pyrrhonotus WV R G LC
133   Ploceidae Baya Weaver Ploceus philippinus WV C O LC
134    Black-breasted weaver Ploceus benghalensis WV R O LC
135   Sturnidae Brahminy Starling Temenuchus pagodarum WV R O LC
136    Common Starling Sturnus vulgaris WV C O LC
137    Bank Myna Acridotheres ginginianus R VC O LC
138    Asian Pied Starling Gracupica contra V C O LC
139    Common Myna Acridotheres tristis R C O LC
140   Oriolidae Eurasian Golden Oriole Oriolus oriolu WV R O LC
141   Dicruridae Black Drongo Dicrurus macrocercus R C I LC
142    Ashy Drongo Dicrurus leucophaeus SV C I LC
143   Corvidae House Crow Corvus splendens R VC O LC
144    Rufous Treepie Dendrocitta vagabunda R C O LC
145    Large-billed Crow Corvus macrorhynchos WV R O LC
146   Cisticolidae Ashy Prinia Prinia socialis R C I LC
147    Striated Prinia Prinia crinigera R C I LC
148    Common Tailorbird Orthotomus sutorius R C I LC
149    Plain Prinia Prinia inornata R C I LC
150    Common Chiffchaff Phylloscopus collybita WV C I LC
151    Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidis R R I LC
  1. Residential status: WV winter visitors, R resident, V vagrant and SV summer visitors. Abundance: C common, VC very common, R rare. Feeding: BF bark feeder, C carnivorous, F frugivorous, G granivorous, H herbivorous, I insectivorous, N nectarivorous, O omnivorous. IUCN Status (as of the time of manuscript preperation): LC least concern, NT near threatened, VU = vulnerable